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Showing posts from March 23, 2017

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 25 February 2017

Q.1- NH 62 a Highway between India and Bangladesh is in which state?

A. Meghalaya
B. Tripura
C. Mizoram
D. West Bengal

Q.2- Which of the following is India's fastest supercomputer?

A. SahasraT Cray XC-40
B. Param Yuva II
C. Aditya
D. Param Yuva III

Q.3- Which of the following is correct regarding wind energy in India?

1. Govt plans to raise wind power generation to 60,000 MW by 2022
2. Ministry of power is nodal agency for development of offshore wind energy in the country
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both
D. None.
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Answer 1-A,2-A,3-A

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 24 February 2017

Q.1- Which among the following is correct regarding Phalcon AWACS?

1. It is used by India for air superiority
2. It is made in U.S.
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both
D. None

Q.2-

1. The Centre has proposed amending law to empower States to pay wages by cheque or credit into bank accounts.
2. For that Union Labour ministry has proposed changes in the Section 6 of the Payment of Wages Act of 1936.
Which of the following statements is/are true-?
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3- consider the following statements about gold monetization scheme

1. scheme will enable depositors to earn interest on their on their gold accounts.
2. The sovereign gold bond will enable investors to buy gold certificates from the government, which can later be encashed for money or physical gold.
Which of the above statements is/are true
A. only 1
B. only 2
C. Neither 1 nor 2
D. Both 1 & 2.
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 Answer1-A,2-C,3-D

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 20 March 2017

Q.1- Which of the following places and laboratory are not correctly matched?

1. CERN : Germany
2. LIGO : Louisiana
3. India based Neutrino observatory : Tamil Nadu
A. 1,2
B. 2,3
C. 1,3
D. All

Q.2- Consider the following statements and mark the correct option.

1. LCA Tejas is smallest and lightest fighter aircraft of its class
2. It is subsonic in speed
3. It is developed by HAL
Which among the following statements are correct?
A. 1, 2
B. 2, 3
C. 1, 3
D. All

Q.3- Which of the following statements are correct?

1. In India 90 percent of workers work in organised sector
2. Unorganised sector is not given any social security in India
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. None
D. Both.
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 Answer  1-D,2-C,3-C

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 19 March 2017

Q.1- Surya-Kiran exercise is between which of the following countries?

A. India and Bhutan
B. India and Bangladesh
C. India and Nepal
D. Nepal and Bhutan

Q.2- Which of the following is correct regarding GRAPES-3?

1. This experiment is an Indo-Japanese collaboration
2. This experiment is to develop grapes which have great nutritional value
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both
D. None

Q.3- Which of the following is correct?

1. Zojila pass is a mountain pass between ladakh region and Kashmir valley
2. It is in between Srinagar and Leh on NH-20
A. Only 1
B. Only 2
C. Both
D. None.
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Answer  1-C,2-A,3-A

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 20 March 2017

Q.1- Which of the following places and laboratory are not correctly matched?

1. CERN : Germany
2. LIGO : Louisiana
3. India based Neutrino observatory : Tamil Nadu
A. 1,2
B. 2,3
C. 1,3
D. All

Q.2- Consider the following statements and mark the correct option.

1. LCA Tejas is smallest and lightest fighter aircraft of its class
2. It is subsonic in speed
3. It is developed by HAL
Which among the following statements are correct?
A. 1, 2
B. 2, 3
C. 1, 3
D. All

Q.3- Which of the following statements are correct?

1. In India 90 percent of workers work in organised sector
2. Unorganised sector is not given any social security in India
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. None
D. Both.
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Answer 1-D,2-C,3-C

Black hole producing mysterious particles, says NASA (downtoearth, )

Is black hole all over your mind after watching the lately-released sci fi film Interstellar? If yes, here is something new about the region of spacetime that has amazed the scientists and might amaze you as well.

A new study has now revealed that the giant black hole at the centre of the Milky Way may be producing some mysterious particles. The emission of these particles, known as neutrinos, may contribute to the understanding of the source of high-energy cosmic rays in the space as figuring out where high-energy neutrinos come from is one of the biggest problems in astrophysics today.

Neutrinos are tiny particles that carry no charge and interact very weakly with electrons and protons. Unlike light or charged particles, neutrinos can emerge from deep within their cosmic sources and travel across the universe without being absorbed by intervening matter.

The Earth is constantly bombarded with neutrinos from the sun. However, neutrinos from beyond the solar system can be millions or…

2016 was year of extreme warming; 2017 shows no signs of easing (downtoearth,)

A new warming record was set with temperature remaining 1.1°C above the pre-industrial period, and 0.06 °C above the previous highest value set in 2015. Carbon dioxide (CO2) crossed 400 PPM mark, average sea-surface temperatures were the warmest and global sea-ice extent dropped more than 4 million sq km below average. That was 2016 for you.

The Statement on the State of the Global Climate issued by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) confirms that 2016 was the warmest year on record.

Terrestrial warming

According to the report, global temperatures in 2016 were influenced by the strong El Nino event of 2015-2016. The year 2016 features in the “five warmest years for every inhabited continent”. For North America, it was the warmest year on record, with the continental US having its second warmest year, Alaska its warmest and Canada its fourth warmest. Last year was also the second warmest for Africa and South America and third warmest for Europe.

Asia, like Russian Federation,…

Delhi's new public health concern—Japanese encephalitis (downtoearth, )

Delhi has been hit by a new health-scare. Japanese encephalitis, a viral disease, has been reported for the first time in the metropolis. Four people have been affected so far. The viral disease affects the central nervous system and in severe cases can cause death. As of now, the patients—one woman and three children—are stable.

While the Municipal Corporation if Delhi (MCD) is taking steps to control the spread of the disease, it is not clear how the disease reached the city. The virus is spread by the three different species of the mosquito Culex. Pigs are the main host for the virus and act as the reservoir. Mosquitoes that bite the infected pig can transmit the virus to human beings.
Four people have been affected by Japanese encephalitis so far Pigs are the main host for the virus and act as the reservoir Mosquitoes that bite the infected pig can transmit the virus to human beings Authorities are inclined to believe that an infected pig might have been imported. But this theory …

Draft Public Health Bill restrictive, unclear: experts (downtoearth, )

On March 20, 2017, a meeting was hosted by the WaterAid India to discuss draft Public Health Bill 2017. The discussion was fostered in the presence of Mira Shiva (Initiative for Health and Equity in Society), Indira Chakravarty (Public Health Resource Network), Arun Srivastava (National Health Systems Resource Centre), Indranil Mukhopadhyay (Public Health Foundation of India) and the officials of WaterAid. Members present in the meeting scanned through the draft Bill and raised concerns related to the intent behind this sudden introduction of the Bill by the Ministry and also the implications, if it gets passed in its current form.

During the meeting, the WaterAid, along with other experts, stressed on the need of more in-depth discussion and consultation with much wider group, including key health groups and other stakeholders.

They were unanimous in their opinion that government should not pass this Bill in its current form and should call for a larger consultation to address its p…

Mini-grids and off-grid investment crucial for energy access in Africa (downtoearth,)

Majority of Africa’s population still lives without electricity or connection to the grid. As a way to pull them out of darkness, a new report released by Africa Progress Panel (APP) advocates for investments in mini-grid and off-grid connections.

Almost two-thirds of Africa’s population or 620 million people do not have access to electricity, and unless the electrification rate increases, another 45 million individuals will be added to this by 2030. The continent is not just mired with lack of access, but also a deficit of power, the report says. To give a scale of difference, the average American consumes over 13,000 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity a year and the average European somewhat less. The average African (excluding South Africa) uses just 160kWh.

While it seems logical to focus on big projects such as large dams and power pools that will scale up national and regional infrastructure to solve the energy crisis, these projects are expensive, complex and slow to implemen…

Draft Public Health Bill restrictive, unclear: experts (Hindu.)

On March 20, 2017, a meeting was hosted by the WaterAid India to discuss draft Public Health Bill 2017. The discussion was fostered in the presence of Mira Shiva (Initiative for Health and Equity in Society), Indira Chakravarty (Public Health Resource Network), Arun Srivastava (National Health Systems Resource Centre), Indranil Mukhopadhyay (Public Health Foundation of India) and the officials of WaterAid. Members present in the meeting scanned through the draft Bill and raised concerns related to the intent behind this sudden introduction of the Bill by the Ministry and also the implications, if it gets passed in its current form.

During the meeting, the WaterAid, along with other experts, stressed on the need of more in-depth discussion and consultation with much wider group, including key health groups and other stakeholders.

They were unanimous in their opinion that government should not pass this Bill in its current form and should call for a larger consultation to address its p…

Russian connection: not helping Trump's credibility ()Hindu.

The Trump-Russia investigation could further erode the U.S President’s credibility

The first open hearing into the alleged links between the campaign of Donald Trump and unnamed parties associated with the Russian government kicked off this week, even as the President put out a series of social media posts that seemed to mischaracterise statements coming out of that hearing. Ground-shaking revelations have come from the grilling of FBI Director James Comey and NSA Director Michael Rogers by the House of Representatives’ Intelligence Committee. The first was from Mr. Comey, who confirmed that the FBI was investigating Russia’s efforts to interfere in the presidential election, including links between specific individuals associated with the Trump campaign and the Russian government. Last month Mr. Trump’s nominee for National Security Adviser, Michael Flynn, resigned from his post after it emerged that he had withheld information about being in contact with Russia’s Ambassador in Wash…

Superpower dreams: On how India must respond to a low HDI rank (hindu)

India’s response to a low HDI rank must be good education and a higher health outlay

India’s rank of 131 among 188 countries on the UNDP’s Human Development Index for 2015 and its ‘medium’ performance pose the uncomfortable question: would not the score have been significantly better if the higher economic growth trajectory of two and a half decades of liberalisation had been accompanied by a parallel investment in people? Few will argue that the rise in incomes that came with a more open economy has not translated into a higher quality of life for many Indians and raised overall life expectancy at birth by more than 10 years from the 1990 level, to reach 68.3 years. Progress has also been made in raising awareness about issues affecting women’s empowerment, such as public safety, acid attacks, discrimination in inheritance rights and lack of equal employment opportunity. Policy reforms have been instituted in some of these areas as a result. But as the HDI data show, significant ine…

2016 was year of extreme warming; 2017 shows no signs of easing (downtoearth,)

A new warming record was set with temperature remaining 1.1°C above the pre-industrial period, and 0.06 °C above the previous highest value set in 2015. Carbon dioxide (CO2) crossed 400 PPM mark, average sea-surface temperatures were the warmest and global sea-ice extent dropped more than 4 million sq km below average. That was 2016 for you.

The Statement on the State of the Global Climate issued by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) confirms that 2016 was the warmest year on record.

Terrestrial warming

According to the report, global temperatures in 2016 were influenced by the strong El Nino event of 2015-2016. The year 2016 features in the “five warmest years for every inhabited continent”. For North America, it was the warmest year on record, with the continental US having its second warmest year, Alaska its warmest and Canada its fourth warmest. Last year was also the second warmest for Africa and South America and third warmest for Europe.

Asia, like Russian Federation,…