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Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 29 March 2017

Q.1- Which of the following is correct regarding Mental Health care bill, 2016?
1. it decriminalises suicide attempt by mentally ill people2. it protect and restore property right of mentally ill persons3. every mental health establishment has to be registered with the respective Central or State Mental Health AuthorityA. 1,2 onlyB. 2,3 onlyC. 1,3 onlyD. All of the above
Q.2- With reference to National Rural Health Mission, which of the following are the jobs of ‘ASHA’, a trained community health worker?
1. Accompanying women to the health facility for antenatal care checkup 2 . Using pregnancy test kits for early detection of pregnancy 3. Providing information on nutrition and immunization 4. Conducting the delivery of babySelect the correct answer using the codes given below :A. 1, 2 and 3 only B. 2 and 4 Only C. 1 and 3 only D. 1, 2, 3 & 4
Q.3- According to Indian Meteorological department which of the following defines Heat wave
A. when the maximum temperature exceeds 40 degrees Ce…

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 28 March 2017

Q.1- Which of the following statements are correct regarding The Aadhaar Bill,2016?

1. Every citizen is entitled to obtain an Aadhaar number.
2. To verify the identity of a person receiving a subsidy or a service, the government may require them to have an Aadhaar number.
3. Biometric informationwill not be shared with anyone even in the interest of national security.
A. 2 only
B. 1,2
C. 2,3
D. All

Q.2- The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of

A. Equatorial climate
B. Mediterranean climate
C. Monsoon climate
D. All of the above climates.
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 Answer  1-A,2-C

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 27 March 2017

Q.1- Which of the following statements are correct regarding nuclear power in India?

1. India has 7 nuclear power plants in operation
2. Kudankulam Nuclear power plant is hosting French reactors
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. both
D. None

Q.2- Tupolev-142Mhas been in news recently, which of the following is coorect about it?

A. It is Russian submarine supplied to Pakistan
B. It is Russian Aircraft which will be supplied to India
C. It is a anti-submarine warfare aircraft
D. None of the above

Q.3- Approximately How many Internet subscribers are present in India?

A. 12 crore
B. 22 crore
C. 36 crore
D. 26 crore.
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 Answer 1-A,2-B,3-C

Poor access to support systems causes high mortality among women with burn injuries ,(downtoearth)

In 1998, India was the only country in the world where fire was among the 15 leading causes of death. Even almost two decades later, incidents of burn-related injuries remain an “underserved and underrepresented category of violence”, according to a new study by the International Foundation for Crime Prevention and Victim Care (PCVC)—a Chennai-based non-profit organisation.

Going by the conservative estimates, about 100,000 women die of burn injuries in India every year. Tamil Nadu is one of the worst-affected states, with Chennai alone witnessing 100-150 burn cases every month. Women in the age group of 15-50 are most prone to fire-related deaths. Unfortunately, most women succumb to their injuries because of inadequate and unresponsive support services and not because of physical injury only.

Why are women the worst sufferers?

While mortality rate among women is higher than men, the follow-up rate (post discharge) among women is very low. Getting into the root of the problem, the s…

Frequency of heat waves increasing; we must prepare for it: experts (downtoearth,)

Members of various national and regional meteorological and public health institutions congregated in Delhi on March 28 to attend National Workshop on Heat Wave Forecasts for State Level Preparedness. The workshop was organised under the leadership of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) to help states prepare for the health impacts of heat waves.

Heat waves or prolonged periods of extreme heat have become increasingly frequent the world over and India is no exception. Global warming is suspected to be the culprit. Recent years have seen several cities, especially in central India, suffer from heat waves in successive years. Exposure to heat is the third most deadly natural cause for mortality according to the National Crime Records Bureau, in spite of being notoriously difficult to pin down as a cause of death and severely underreported.

Moreover, heatwaves are not categorised as a natural disaster, making them ineligible to be covered under central governmental compensation sc…

Trump's executive order sounds death knell for Paris climate pact (downtoearth,)

US President Donald Trump’s executive order on “promoting energy independence and economic growth” is set to destroy his former counterpart Barack Obama’s green legacy.

Trump’s order, which was signed on Tuesday, literally starts the process of dismantling the Paris Agreement—the landmark international pact adopted in 2015 to fight climate change.

Stating that “my administration would put an end to war on coal”, Trump’s executive order lifts the ban on federal leasing for coal production. It also lifts restrictions on production of oil, natural gas, clean coal and shale energy. The big question is will this move put an end to war against climate change?

By this order, the Trump administration, known for its skepticism on climate change, has overturned Obama’s policies on climate change. It has revoked many of the former president’s climate policies.

It also calls for immediate reviewing of the Clean Power Plan (CPP), which was at the core of Obama’s climate action plan to cut down em…

Arabian Sea is suffocating due to toxic algae bloom, and it is going to get worse (downtoearth,)

t's not the first time that algae bloom has appeared in the Arabian Sea, but the bloom now stretches from the shores of Oman on the west to India and Pakistan on the east.

The build-up of green slime is an ominous sign for the local ecosystem as it triggers release of ammonia, causing sea stench and poisoning nearby marine life. This bloom isn’t regularly seen until the past decade. Now, they are not only forming twice a year in the Arabian Sea, but its extent is also growing.

What causes algae bloom?

The algae bloom is caused by Noctiluca scintillans—microscopic dinoflagellates that feed on plankton and suck up energy from the sun through microscopic algae living within their cells. In a marine ecosystem, dinoflagellates make up only a small part of the food chain. However, when there's a build-up of plankton, it leads to massive algae blooms that start dominating the local area.

When the cell of these dinoflagellates breaks down, ammonia is released. It changes the flavour …

The modern way: mental health law can be used to strengthen primary care (Hindu)

The government should use the new mental health law to strengthen primary care

The passage of the Mental Healthcare Bill in the Lok Sabha, putting it on course to become law and repealing the Mental Health Act of 1987, will potentially help India catch up with the advances made in the field by other countries. India urgently needs to make a transition from old-fashioned approaches to providing care for those suffering from mental illnesses, something that China, for example, has achieved through state-led policy reform. Even the sketchy studies on the nature of care available to Indians indicate that in terms of population coverage the new law faces a big challenge. The country’s grossly inadequate base of professional resources is evident from its ratio of 0.3 psychiatrists for 100,000 people (with marginally higher numbers taking independent private practitioners into account), compared to China’s 1.7. Then there are massive deficiencies in the availability of trained clinical psyc…

TB vaccine trial on adults begins in June hindu()

Pune-based institute to use novel recombinant BCG antigen.

In June this year, the Pune-based Serum Institute of India Pvt. Limited will begin a Phase II/III vaccine trial for tuberculosis using a novel, recombinant BCG (bacillus Calmette-Guérin) vaccine.

The double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial will be carried out on 2,000 adults who have been successfully treated (and cured) for TB. While 1,000 adults will receive the vaccine, the remaining volunteers will receive a placebo. A single dose of the vaccine will be administered, and the volunteers will be followed up for a year. The trial will be conducted in 15-17 centres across the country.

The new TB vaccine (VPM1002), which will be tested, is based on the BCG vaccine that is in use. However, it is more powerful and efficacious as it contains a gene, better recognised by the immune system.

Safety test
“Adults who have completed TB treatment will be first screened and enrolled if found eligible 2-4 weeks after completion…

No calm after the storm as Debbie sends Australia into a tizzy (hindu )

Extreme weather conditions prevail throughout much of the state of Queensland.

The aftermath of tropical Cyclone Debbie in Australia on Thursday has continued to cause chaos, with extreme weather conditions continuing throughout much of the state of Queensland.

Schools in the southeast area of the state have been closed, and employers have been told to send their workers home, as the Bureau of Meteorology is expecting a month’s worth of rain to fall in the course of the day, Xinhua news agency reported.

The two biggest cities in Queensland, the capital Brisbane, and tourist hot-spot Gold Coast are bracing for huge downpours, with winds clocking between 90 and 125 km per hour set to hit by Thursday afternoon, with a heavy deluge of rain already falling in both areas.

Parent told to put safety first
Queensland Deputy Premier Jackie Trad has called for residents to put safety first, and to immediately retrieve their children from schools in the affected regions.

“We don’t want parents a…

Is Britain’s Article 50 reversible? ( hindu)

Yes, if the other 27 EU member-states agree though May has said there can be no turning back.

The answer to the question of whether Britain’s exit process from the European Union (EU) is revocable is simple: it just depends who you ask.

British Prime Minister Theresa May insisted after triggering Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty on Wednesday that it was a “historic moment from which there can be no turning back.”

But hours later European Parliament President Antonio Tajani said the clock could in theory be reversed, if only with the approval of the other 27 member- states.

“If the U.K. now changes its mind it can’t do it alone, all the other member-states of the union have to decide if they can do it or not,” Italy’s Mr. Tajani said.

Herein, a legal ambiguity
The apparently contradictory remarks reflect a political and legal ambiguity about whether Britain is saying goodbye for ever.

The once obscure and now famous Article 50 is frustratingly vague on this issue, as on most others.

It…