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Depression single largest contributor to global disability, says WHO ,( downtoearth)

Over 300 million people (4.3 per cent) of the global population were living with depression in 2015, a new World Health Organization (WHO) study says. This is an 18 per cent increase between 2005 and 2015.

Depression is the single largest contributor to global disability (7.5 per cent of all years lived with disability in 2015) and is a major contributor to suicides, with numbers close to 800,000 per year. Suicide was the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally in 2015.

Characterised by sadness, loss of interest, feelings of guilt, low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, tiredness and poor concentration, depression can be long lasting and recurrent, WHO says.

Women more at risk

The alarming thing is that the number of people with common mental disorders is increasing, particularly in low-income countries. Nearly half of the population affected by depression lives in South East Asia and Western Pacific regions.

Women (5.1 per cent) are more prone to depression than men (3.6 per cent). The report points out that the prevalence rate of depression peaks among older adults, affecting two per cent more women between the ages of 55 and 74 than men.

Prevalence also varies on a regional basis, ranging from 2.6 per cent among males in the Western Pacific region to 5.9 per cent among females in the African region. Even children are not spared as depression occurs in children and adolescents below the age of 15 years.

Social stigma

Fewer than half of those affected by depression in the world receive treatments, the report adds. This is due to the lack of resources and trained healthcare providers. Social stigma also acts as a big deterrent, stopping people from reaching out to help on time.

People are often not correctly diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder, are often misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants.


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Indian Polity Elections (MCQ )

1. Who of the following has the responsibility of the registration of voters
a) Individual voters
b) Government
c) Election commission
d) Corporations

2. Democracy exists in India, without peoples participation and co operation democracy will fail. This implies that
a) Government should compel people to participate and cooperate with it
b) People from the government
c) People should participate and cooperate with the government
d) India should opt for the presidential system

3. Which of the following are not the functions of the election commission
1) Conduct of election for the post of the speaker and the deputy speaker, Lok sabha and the deputy chairman, Rajya sabha
2) Conduct of elections to the state legislative assemblies
3) Deciding on all doubts and disputes arising out of elections

a) 1 and 2
b) 1 and 3
c) 2 and 3
d) 2

4. Which of the following electoral systems have not been adopted for various elections in India
1) System of direct elections on the basis of adult suffrage