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Mediterranean diet good for kidney health: study (downtoearth,)

Following Mediterranean diet can significantly reduce the risk of chronic kidney diseases. The diet includes higher amounts of fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, and fats such as olive oil which are healthy for the heart. It is also low on red meats, processed foods, and sweets.

A study published online in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology on October 30 says that those who follow the diet have a 50 per cent lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease and a 42 per cent lower risk of rapid kidney function decline.

Data for the study was collected between 1993 and 2008. For gauging kidney health, serum creatinine levels of 900 people were measured at a mean interval of 6.9 years. Fifty-nine per cent of the members of the test group were women and 65 per cent were Hispanics. The mean baseline age of the group was 64 years.

The eating habits of the people were scored on a scale based on the resemblance of the diet with the Mediterranean diet. Results showed that for every point increase in the Mediterranean diet score, there was a 17 per cent decrease in their likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease.


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1. Who of the following has the responsibility of the registration of voters
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b) Government
c) Election commission
d) Corporations

2. Democracy exists in India, without peoples participation and co operation democracy will fail. This implies that
a) Government should compel people to participate and cooperate with it
b) People from the government
c) People should participate and cooperate with the government
d) India should opt for the presidential system

3. Which of the following are not the functions of the election commission
1) Conduct of election for the post of the speaker and the deputy speaker, Lok sabha and the deputy chairman, Rajya sabha
2) Conduct of elections to the state legislative assemblies
3) Deciding on all doubts and disputes arising out of elections

a) 1 and 2
b) 1 and 3
c) 2 and 3
d) 2

4. Which of the following electoral systems have not been adopted for various elections in India
1) System of direct elections on the basis of adult suffrage