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Production of milk, meat and eggs increased in 2016 rainy season (downtoearth,)

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has released the Integrated Sample Survey for the period of July 1 to October 31, 2016 claiming that production of some key livestock-related goods like milk meat and eggs has increased. The production of wool in the same period has declined by over 2 per cent.

The survey reported that the total milk production has increased from 52.21 million tonnes (MT) to 54.50 MT for the rainy season in the period, registering a growth 4.38 per cent. In the two seasons, summer and rainy, the government had targeted to increased production to0 163.74 MT. The sample survey finds that production has increased to 105.42 MT.

Top five milk producing states for the rainy season were Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.

The average yield rates of exotic and crossbred cows are estimated to be as 10.85Kgs and 7.40 Kgs per animal per day respectively and the average yield rates of indigenous cows are estimated to be as 3.56 Kgs.

For meat production, the government achieved around 63 per cent of its target, increasing production to 4.67 MT as against the target of 7.37 MTs during 2016-17. As per a government statement, nearly 47.86 per cent of country’s meat comes from poultry and 20.11 per cent is from buffaloes. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, & Telangana were the highest meat producing states during the rainy season.

For the production of eggs, the government was able to touch 63.31 per cent of its target of 87.05 billion eggs, scaling up production to 55.11 billion, as per a statement. The production of egg is largely contributed by commercial poultry farms with nearly 75.75 per cent and remaining production is from household/backyard poultry. The five highest eggs producing states are Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana , West Bengal & Haryana during the rainy season.

Recording a negative trend in wool production, the sample survey showed decrease in produce from 5.91 million Kgs during 2015-16 (rainy) to 5.78 million Kgs during 2016-17 (Rainy), a decline of 2.16 per cent.  As against the targeted production of 44.07 Million Kgs during 2016-17, the total estimated production in two seasons, summer and rainy, is 20.66 Million Kgs showing an achievement of 46.89 per cent. The first five highest Wool producing States are Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir during the rainy season.

The Integrated Sample Survey is a regular sample survey undertaken on a general principle of 15 per cent. It uses the method of simple random sampling without replacement.

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