Skip to main content

Child and adolescent mortality declined globally from 1990 to 2015 (downtoearth)

Mortality among children and adolescents has decreased in the past 25 years but the decrease is unevenly spread across the world, says a new study.

Published in the journal of JAMA Pediatrics last week, the study is the result of work done by scientists from across the world to quantify and describe trends of mortality and health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2005 in order to guide policy framework. They determined that the total number of deaths decreased from 14.18 million in 1990 to 7.26 million in 2005.

In addition, the study highlights that countries with a low socio-demographic index (SDI) saw about 75 per cent of deaths in 2016 as compared to 61 per cent in 1990. Most deaths occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South Asia. The authors describe SDI as an indicator which takes into consideration income, education and fertility.

The authors say that there is an ongoing an epidemiologic transition to disabilities and non-communicable diseases. An interesting point made is that the burden of disability in children and adolescents increased from 1990 to 2015. This increase can be attributed to population growth and improved survival for children and adolescents to older ages. Maternal and reproductive health still contributes to disease burden in adolescent females, more so in low SDI countries.

The study concludes that the diseases trends persist, despite international attention and investment. The authors suggest that all countries should implement appropriate strategies to improve child and adolescent health.

Popular posts from this blog

Cloud seeding

Demonstrating the function of the flare rack that carries silver iodide for cloud-seeding through an aircraft. 
Water is essential for life on the earth. Precipitation from the skies is the only source for it. India and the rest of Asia are dependent on the monsoons for rains. While the South West Monsoon is the main source for India as a whole, Tamil Nadu and coastal areas of South Andhra Pradesh get the benefit of the North East Monsoon, which is just a less dependable beat on the reversal of the South West Monsoon winds.

SC asks Centre to strike a balance on Rohingya issue (.hindu)

Supreme Court orally indicates that the government should not deport Rohingya “now” as the Centre prevails over it to not record any such views in its formal order, citing “international ramifications”.

The Supreme Court on Friday came close to ordering the government not to deport the Rohingya.

It finally settled on merely observing that a balance should be struck between humanitarian concern for the community and the country's national security and economic interests.

The court was hearing a bunch of petitions, one filed by persons within the Rohingya community, against a proposed move to deport over 40,000 Rohingya refugees. A three-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, began by orally indicating that the government should not deport Rohingya “now”, but the government prevailed on the court to not pass any formal order, citing “international ramifications”. With this, the status quo continues even though the court gave the community liberty to approach it in …

Indian Polity Elections (MCQ )

1. Who of the following has the responsibility of the registration of voters
a) Individual voters
b) Government
c) Election commission
d) Corporations


2. Democracy exists in India, without peoples participation and co operation democracy will fail. This implies that
a) Government should compel people to participate and cooperate with it
b) People from the government
c) People should participate and cooperate with the government
d) India should opt for the presidential system


3. Which of the following are not the functions of the election commission
1) Conduct of election for the post of the speaker and the deputy speaker, Lok sabha and the deputy chairman, Rajya sabha
2) Conduct of elections to the state legislative assemblies
3) Deciding on all doubts and disputes arising out of elections

a) 1 and 2
b) 1 and 3
c) 2 and 3
d) 2

4. Which of the following electoral systems have not been adopted for various elections in India
1) System of direct elections on the basis of adult suffrage
2…